Each day the science of medicine evolves. The world gains more tools to improve outcomes for patients and a better understanding of how and when to use those tools. Trauma is no exception.
Injury in the United States accounts for more than 150,000 deaths and 3 million non-fatal injuries (1). Hemorrhage is the primary cause of preventable death after injury, and the ability to stop bleeding and replace lost blood quickly improves outcomes of hemorrhagic shock. Yet most patients wait until they arrive in a hospital setting to receive blood products. For those in rural communities, precious time is often wasted on transportation to a medical facility.
The impact of prehospital blood products is well studied, with much research published in the last few years. Despite the live-saving benefits, many trauma and emergency medical service (EMS) programs are slow to adopt using prehospital blood because of its logistical challenges. One perceived barrier: maintaining efficacy of life-saving blood products in a prehospital setting.
(1) The American Association for the Surgery of Trauma: https://www.aast.org/resources/trauma-facts#:~:text=In%20the%20United%20States%2C%20injury,5%20million%20deaths%20per%20year.